Regarding disinfection, I believe that chicken farmers are not unfamiliar with it. Disinfection is an important means to prevent and control chicken diseases. However, many chicken farmers are not very familiar with different types of disinfectants when they disinfect chicken farms. They only know that Disinfected, but the effect of disinfection is not clear. Let's talk about the knowledge points about the commonly used chicken disinfectant spray for chicken raising.
1. Alkaline disinfectant solution
The most common are caustic soda and quicklime. Alkali disinfectants have a strong killing effect on bacterial propagules, spores and viruses, and also kill parasite eggs, and are suitable for environmental disinfection. Quicklime is added with water to form a 10% to 20% emulsion, which is mainly used for disinfection of chicken house walls, sports grounds or excrement. Caustic soda can be formulated into a 2% to 3% hot solution for disinfection of chicken house floors, utensils and transport vehicles. However, this type of disinfectant is irritating and corrosive, and has a greater impact on the environment. At the same time, take precautions to avoid burning the skin.
2. Aldehyde disinfectant solutions
The most common are glutaraldehyde, formaldehyde solution. Aldehyde disinfectants have a killing effect on bacterial propagules, spores, viruses and fungi, and have broad-spectrum, high-efficiency and quick-acting disinfection characteristics, but such disinfectants are irritating and toxic, and are affected by environmental sanitation, temperature and humidity. bigger. It is generally not used for disinfection of chickens in the chicken house. It should be noted that glutaraldehyde can be heated to maximize its effect before application. Under the alkaline conditions of pH 7.5～8.5, the biological activity of this type of livestock disinfectant products can be brought into play to the highest level.
3. Halogen disinfectant solution
The most common are chlorine preparations and iodine preparations. Chlorine preparations mainly play a bactericidal effect by generating hypochlorous acid in water. Hypochlorous acid can adsorb to the surface of the cell wall of the bacteria, penetrate into the bacteria and destroy its enzyme system through oxidation, resulting in the death of microorganisms. Although chlorine compounds have strong disinfecting power, their properties are not stable and their action time is not long-lasting. The iodine preparation mainly denatures and precipitates the proteins in the bacteria, causing the death of pathogenic microorganisms, so as to achieve high-efficiency disinfection and sterilization effects, and has a rapid killing effect on bacterial propagules, bacteria, spores, fungi and viruses. However, the bactericidal effect is stronger in an acidic environment, and its bactericidal effect is weaker in an alkaline environment and in the presence of organic matter. In the process of raising chickens, iodine preparations can be used alternately with quaternary ammonium salt chicken coop disinfectants, which are often used for disinfection of chickens in the house.
4. Oxidant disinfectant solutions
Common ones are peracetic acid, potassium permanganate, etc. This type of disinfectant has a strong oxidizing effect, which can oxidize the bacterial protein and cause the microorganism to die. It has efficient and rapid sterilization and disinfection effects on a variety of microorganisms, spores and viruses. Spraying or fumigation with peracetic acid can effectively neutralize the ammonia gas in the chicken house and purify the air quality of the chicken house. However, such disinfectants are unstable and volatile, and the stock solution can cause corrosive and irritating effects on metals or animal tissues.
5. Quaternary ammonium salt disinfectant solution
Common are Jieer off, new Jieer off. Quaternary ammonium salt disinfectant has broad-spectrum bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects, fast action, low toxicity and irritation, and has a killing effect on enveloped and fat-soluble viruses, and has a weak effect on other viruses and spores.
6. Phenolic disinfectant solutions
Commonly used are 84 disinfectant and compound phenol disinfectant. Phenolic disinfectants are stable in nature, less corrosive to items, and have strong killing ability to various bacteria and enveloped viruses. Carcinogenic, mostly used for the disinfection of excrement, not recommended for indoor use and its effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis and spores is not exact, and the effect on non-envelope viruses is poor.
In the process of raising chickens, when disinfecting chicken farms, you should choose different types of chicken coop disinfectants from a professional disinfectant products manufacturer for alternate use according to the different characteristics of different disinfectants. Strictly follow the disinfection ratio. Disinfectant ratio to ensure maximum disinfection effect.